Blackjack Guide

Blackjack is a betting card game typically played at casinos. The aim is to beat the dealer by getting closer to 21 in card value without “busting” or going over 21. Busting results in a lost bet, as does not exceeding the value of the dealer’s hand.

In this game, all cards have a value that is used to determine your hand value. Aces have two values; you can choose for them to be worth 1 or 11 points. Kings, queens, and 10s are all worth 10 points. Cards 2 through 9 have their numeric value worth of points.

To start the game, you will need to place your bets with the dealer. Then the dealer will shuffle the deck and deal each player, starting from their left, a single facedown card. The dealer will then deal themselves a single facedown card. Once this is complete, the dealer deals a second round of cards; this time consisting of a single faceup card to each player.

If the dealer deals themselves an ace faceup they offer insurance to all players. Insurance requires you to pay half of your original bet to the table. After it is bought the dealer will flip their second card, if they have blackjack AKA 21 points, each player who bought insurance, or a player who also has blackjack, receives their original bet back. This effectively means they would only lose half their bet in this case.

If no ace is dealt to the dealer then starting with the player to their left, they will ask each player to hit or stand. A player who hits will receive another faceup card. If this puts a player above 21 points they have busted and are out of the round. A player may hit as many times as they wish before busting. A player who stands will no longer have the option to hit and passes their turn. This means they are happy with their hand value.

There are two specialty rules for Blackjack. A player can double down and split with their hand if certain conditions are met. Doubling down must occur after the second card is dealt to a player. This entails a player will double their original bet and can hit only once before they must stand with their hand. Splitting can only happen if the first two cards you receive are the same rank.

If a player chooses to split their hand both cards will become separate hands giving the player two hands to use. The dealer will hit each hand once and then both hands must stand as they are.

Once all hands have stood the reveals will commence and the payouts will be made. Any player who has not busted but beats the dealer in value will receive a payout. These are typically 1:1 ratios. If a player has Blackjack AKA 21 points exactly, they will receive a higher payout. These are typically 3:2 ratios.

Blackjack is a gambling game so always play responsibly. If you enjoyed these rules and want to learn how to play more table games, please check out for more.